Summary of Common Family Law Terms (Vol. XVIII)

At Nelson Law Group PC, we believe in educating our clients. Below is Vol. XVIII of our common family law terms. While not a complete list, what we hope is that some of these words and phrases will become less foreign to you if and when you need us.

If you scroll to the bottom, you can find links to our previous 17 posts on common law terms.

Vol. XVIII Terms


A formal process that allows a party to request that the case be reviewed to see if there is a legal reason to change the previous ruling. Not every appeal is granted.


Refers to someone who is found by a court to be financially unable to pay court costs and attorney fees. A court will appoint a public defender or other attorney to represent him or her.

Regular Power of Attorney

A legal document through which you give someone the authority to make decisions on your behalf. A regular POA is only valid until you become incapacitated.

Durable Power of Attorney

A legal document through which you give someone the authority to make decisions on your behalf. A durable POA grants the agent powers even after you are unable to make decisions for yourself.

Financial Power of Attorney

A financial power of attorney is more concerned with determining who you want to be in charge of managing your finances in the event you become incapacitated. This grants the person access to your bank and investment accounts and gives them the ability to pay bills (including medical expenses), transfer and sell your assets, etc.

Medical Power of Attorney

A medical power of attorney is more concerned with determining who you want to be in charge of making healthcare decisions if you become incapacitated. A medical POA does not take effect until the day you are considered legally incapacitated. At that point, the person in charge can make decisions for you that range from medical treatment and medications to tests, potential surgeries, and possible transportation to a rehabilitation or long-term care facility. In the event you pass away, the medical power of attorney is no longer valid.

Parenting Class

In custody cases, the court may require or suggest that the parties involved take a parenting class to help in a variety of ways. This includes helping children deal with divorce and facing issues on how to care for the children.


This refers to a motion that an attorney files, typically at the end of a court case, to officially terminate or conclude their representation of a client.

Irreconcilable Differences

When a couple says they have irreconcilable differences, they are telling the court that through no fault of either party, the marriage has reached a point where it cannot be saved. Neither party has engaged in any conduct that would constitute an at-fault divorce, such as adultery, abandonment, or abuse. They can no longer live in peace together.

Juror Misconduct

Refers to when a member of a jury commits an act that goes against the law of a court during a case or after the court has reached a verdict.


Another name for a list of cases for trial or cases that are currently pending.

Writ of Summons

A legal order requesting that the person it was issued to respond to a complaint, motion, or petition against them.

Notice of Appeal

This is a legal document that requests an appeal to a case.


An illegal act where two or more people agree to bring false charges against the other to obtain a specific result.


The act of forgiving a spouse for their wrongdoing that would normally constitute legal grounds for divorce. Condonation is often used as a defense to a divorce.

Here are individual links to our previous 14 terms lists: Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3, Vol. 4, Vol. 5, Vol. 6Vol. 7, Vol. 8, Vol. 9, Vol. 10, Vol. 11, Vol. 12, Vol. 13, Vol. 14, Vol. 15, Vol. 16, Vol. 17.

Call Nelson Law Group Today!!

Having a lawyer in your corner to answer any questions you have about the legal process is critical, and that’s what Nelson Law Group, PC is here to do for our clients.Give our knowledgeable staff here at Nelson Law Group, PC a call if you have any further questions regarding the terms above or any specific legal issue you may be facing.

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